Livestock Scenario

“The livestock sub sector has emerged as one of the key components of agricultural growth in developing countries in recent years. The Indian livestock system is the endeavor of small holders and it is a centuries old tradition. The section provides extensive information on live stock scenario in Kerala”

As a result of gradual transition from subsistence to market system, the economic dimensions of livestock keeping have assumed increasing significance in household behavior. Over 70 percentages of the rural households in India depend on livestock farming for supplementary income. The sector is highly gender sensitive and over 90 per cent of activities related to care and management of livestock are carried out by women folk in the family. In Kerala majority of livestock owning farmers are either small and marginal or even landless. In view of its suitability for combining with crop sub sector and sustainability as a household enterprise with the active involvement of women, it is emerging as a very popular supplementary avocation in the small farms.

First standard lactation yield of cows in Progeny Testing area

Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Milk Yield  (Kg) 2782 2899 2894 2940 3052 3121 3074 3230 3269

 

Figure: First standard lactation yield of cows in Progeny Testing area

 

Daily milk yield of cow crossbred cows

Year 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
Daily Milk Yield (kg/day) 7.85 8.43 8.57 8.92 9.02 9.11 8.55 8.62 10.18

Source: Meeting of Technical Committee of Directors for Improvement of Animal Husbandry, Dairying Statistics, GOI

 

Figure: Daily milk yield of cow crossbred cows

 

Daily milk yield of cow Non descript / Indigenous cows

Year 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
Daily Milk Yield (kg/day) 2.37 2.09 1.85 2.03 0.59 0.94 2.55

         Source: Meeting of Technical Committee of Directors for Improvement of Animal Husbandry, Dairying Statistics, GOI

 

 Figure: Daily milk yield of cow Non descript / Indigenous cows

Total Milk production – Kerala

Year 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
Milk (Lakh MT) 25.09 26.45 27.16 27.91 26.55 27.11 26.50

Source: Department of Animal Husbandry, Kerala

Figure: Total Milk production – Kerala

Trends in cattle & buffalo population in Kerala

Animal Type Number in thousands Per cent change (%)
2007 2012
Cattle Crossbred 1,621 1,252 −22.76
Indigenous 119 77 −35.25
Total 1,740 1,329 −23.62
Buffalo All 58 102 +75.86

Bovine population over the years - Kerala

Bovine population over the years – Kerala
(
in thousands)

Category 1956 1961 1966 1972 1977 1982 1987 1996 2003 2007 2012
Crossbreds 1355 1453 1702 2287 1735 1621 1252
Indigenous 1651 1644 1722 1109 387 119 77
Total cattle 2510 2753 2857 2856 3006 3097 3424 3396 2122 1740 1329
% increase 9.68 3.78 -0.04 5.25 3.03 10.56 -0.82 -37.51 -18.00 -23.62
Buffaloes 488 485 471 472 454 409 329 165 65 58 102
% increase -0.61 -2.89 0.21 -3.81 -9.91 -19.56 -49.85 -60.60 -10.76 +75.86
Total bovines 2998 3238 3328 3328 3460 3506 3753 3561 2187 1798 1431
% increase 8.01 2.78 0.00 3.97 1.33 7.05 -5.12 -38.58 -17.78 -20.41

Supply & Demand Projections for Milk in Kerala under Alternative Scenarios, 2010−2030

Supply & Demand Projections for Milk in Kerala under Alternative Scenarios, 2010−2030

Year Projected Supply in ‘000 tonnes  
Base-line Interventionist Optimistic Demand
BE 2009/10 (Base-year) 2,489.9 2,489.9 2,489.9 2794.5
2015 2,300.1 2,832.0 3,063.2 3,115.5
2020 2,159.1 3,154.2 3,640.9 3,293.0
2025 2,031.0 3,514.6 4,328.0 3,421.3
2030 1,913.7 3,917.8 5,145.2 3,519.5

Source: Computations by NCAER